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Dance
  • khmer (Kh)
  • English (United Kingdom)

Dance / robam


 

Sophiline Cheam Shapiro (L) and Charya Cheam Burt

Dance is a significant feature of Cambodian culture both as a social activity and as a symbol of the culture, history, and people. Cambodians trace dance styles back to before the Angkor period (9th to 14th centuries) and often speak of dance as the “soul” of the people[i]. According to a 10th century inscription, the mother of the Khmer people was Mera, who was an Apsara (celestial dancer)[ii]. Varieties of dance include social group dances, regional folk dances, and the formalized classical dance and dance-dramas, which enact mythico-historical stories.

 

Recreating dance and the music which accompanies it in Long Beach was a challenge.In the early days only a handful of people had the knowledge and expertise to perform and train others. An equally daunting challenge was costuming, which is an art in itself.Lacking the right materials and only a few experts to guide them, individuals recreated the dress, headdresses, and masks from memory.

 

Sophiline Cheam Shapiro (L)

and Charya Cheam Burt (R)

Los Angeles, July 25, 2004

The two forms of dance most often seen by the general public in Long Beach today are the classical and folk-style dances. Several groups throughout the years have formed troupes and offered classes. Today, at least two troupes perform professionally at local events. More recently the Cambodian Culture and Arts Council has worked to develop trot and chhayam troupes to perform during New Year celebrations in April.

 

 

Through photographs and video, this section provides a brief history of the creation of the various forms of Cambodian dance in Long Beach. We invite anyone who would like to contribute documents, books, video, or photographs to the CamCHAP archive or web site to please contact us at the Historical Society of Long Beach, 562-424-2220, email camcahp@hslb.org.

Photo Gallery

   

 

   

 


 

[i] Shapiro, Toni (1994) Dance and the Spirit of Cambodia. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation Services.


[ii] Phim, Toni Samantha and Ashley Thompson (1999) Dance in Cambodia. New York: Oxford University Press.



 

Further Reading


Beyond the Apsara: Celebrating Dance in Cambodia (2009) Stephanie Burridge and Fred Frumberg, eds. Routledge India.


Catlin, Amy (1987) Apsara: The Feminine in Cambodian Art. Los Angeles: The Woman's Building.


Cravath, Paul (2008) Earth in Flower: Divine Mystery of the Cambodian Dance Drama. Holmes Beach, FL: DatASIA.


Ghosh, Amitav (1993) Dancing in Cambodia. IN Granta 44, Spring.


Groslier, George (2010) Cambodian Dancers Ancient and Modern. English translation of 1912 French original. Holmes Beach, Florida: DatASIA.


Heywood, Denise (2009) Cambodian Dance: Celebration of the Gods.Bangkok: River Books Press.


Marchal, Sappho (2006) Khmer Costumes & Ornaments: After the Devata of Angkor Wat.Hong Kong: Orchid Press.


Pearson, Colin (2006) Harihara at the Beach: Finding Equilibrium Through Dance in a Cambodian Diaspora Community. M.A. Thesis, University of California Riverside.


Pech, Tum Kravel (1995) Sbek Thom: Khmer Shadow Theater. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program.


Pich, Tum Kravel (2001) Khmer Dances. Toyota Foundation.


Phim, Toni Samantha and Ashley Thompson (1999) Dance in Cambodia.New York: Oxford University Press.


Sam, Chan Moly, Sam Ath Nguon and Sam-Ang Sam (1998) Khmer Folk Dance. Cambodian Network Council.


Shapiro, Sophiline Cheam (2008) Cambodian Classical Dance and the Individual Artist. IN Dance, Human Rights and Social Justice: Dignity in Motion. Naomi Jackson and Toni Shapiro-Phim, eds. Pages 166-167. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.


Shapiro, Sophiline Cheam (2009) Seasons of Migration. IN Cultural Identities: Tokyo to Bombay. Centre national de la danse.


Shapiro, Sophiline Cheam (1993) Saving Grace. Transpacific, July/August.


Shapiro-Phim, Toni (2008) Mediating Cambodian History, the Sacred, and the Earth. IN Dance, Human Rights and Social Justice: Dignity in Motion. Naomi Jackson and Toni Shapiro-Phim, eds. Pages 304-322. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.


Shapiro, Toni (1994) Dance and the Spirit of Cambodia. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation Publishing.


The Royal Ballet of Cambodia (2008) UNESCO, Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts. Site has images and video.